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� Pages dedicated to Andy Hug
Andy Hug, 1964-2000 by Oliver Sperling
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Iko Standard Actions of the Judges


Opening the boutopen.gif (7937 bytes)

  1. The person in charge shall call the contestants out. The contestants shall enter the fighting area from opposite sides.
  2. The main judge shall stand in the middle, 3 meters from the center line.
  3. The bout starts after the main judge has given the command: “Hajime”.
  4. One bout shall last three minutes. (In the first and second round, two minutes)
  5. If the uniforms of both or either of the contestants come undone during the bout, the judge will halt the action, have the men assume their original positions and allow them to sit with the backs to each other. The contestants shall then rearrange their uniform.

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During the bout

  1. During the bout if there is a full point victory, half point technique or foul made, or if a contestant steps outside the fighting area, etc., the assistant judge shall whistle and, at the same time, raise the flag. The main judge shall give the command “Yame” (stop), and make the contestants return to their positions which they had when the bout started.
  2. The flag signals are as follows:
    Full point victory - The judge raises the flag with the same colour as the winner, diagonally upwards.
    Half point - The judge raises the flag with the same colour as the contestant who took the half point horizontally to the side.
    Foul - The judge waves from side to side, with the flag with the same colour as the competitor who got the foul, diagonally downwards.
    Step outside the fighting area - The judge lowers either flag diagonally touching the floor.
    Draw, indecision - The judge crosses both flags in front of himself, lowering them so they point diagonally downwards.
    No count or no score - The judge crosses both flags in front of himself and waves.
    Unclear action - The judge crosses both flags at eye level.

  3. In case of a full point victory, half point, or foul, the main judge shall request the assistant judges’ decision and announce the final decision which must have three or more of the judge’s approval.

  4. Regarding the foul, there are situations when the main judge’s decision only might be accepted as valid.

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Full-point victory

  1. When one of the opponents has been downed for more than three seconds or when one has given up, the Main Judge shall make a decision, return the contestants to the middle of the ring, and then have them assume their original positions.

  2. The Main Judge shall check the decisions of the assistant judges and shall decide victory on the basis of the flags of more than two of those assistant judges.


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Victory by decision

  1. At the signal to stop, the main judge shall call “yame” (halt) and shall return the contestants to their original positions.

  2. The main judge shall make the competitors face “Shomen” (the front), and request the assistant judges’ decision. Each assistant judge shall raise his flag with the same colour as the person he considers to have won, diagonally upwards. In case of a draw, he shall cross the flags in front of himself. The valid decision will be the one which has three or more of the judges’ (including the main referee) approval. In case there are not 3 or more judges with the same decision, there shall be draw.

  3. In case of a draw, there shall be an extension of the bout of 2 minutes.

  4. Even if, after two extensions, it is not possible to make a decision, the decision shall be made after considering the weight difference between the competitors. The lighter one shall be in advantage. The Head Judge’s permission is necessary in this case.

  5. In the case of a tie between men of equal weights, victory shall be awarded to the person who broke more boards in the tameshiwari.

  6. If the numbers of boards broken by the two contestants are equal, victory shall be awarded on the basis of the decision of the Supreme Judge. In this case, another extension may be granted.

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  1. In the case of a foul, the main judge shall separate the contestants and halt the action.

  2. When the assistant judges are closer to the contestants, one of them may call a halt to the action and request the decision of the main judge. If more than two of the assistant judges agree in a decision, the main judge shall recognize it.

  3. When deciding about fouls, it is necessary with 3 or more of the judges’ approval. However, there are situations when the main judge’s decision only might be accepted.

  4. In the case of a foul, if it is not made on purpose, the contestant may get one warning. Two warnings result in a first penalty (Genten-ichi).

  5. In case of deliberate fouls, deliberate bad attitude during the bout, a penalty shall be given.

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  1. A contestant who has gained penalty/two minus points in succession shall be disqualified.

  2. When the attitude and the actions of a contestant are considered disrespectful to the judges, the contestant shall be disqualified. Especially when the contestant make deliberate serious fouls has a deliberate bad attitude during the bout, he will be disqualified.

  3. If both contestants are facing each other for more than one minute without engaging in fight, it shall be regarded as lacking the will to fight and both contestants shall be disqualified.

  4. Being late for bout or failing to appear will result in disqualification.

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Concluding the bout

  1. In case of a full-point victory, or disqualification, the main judge shall immediately stop the bout, face the contestants towards “Shomen”, announce the outcome of the bout, have the contestants bow towards “shomen”, “shushin” and each other, thereafter, he shall have the contestants leave the ring.

  2. In case of no full point victory nor disqualification. At the same time as the signal for end of bout is made, the main judge shall stop the bout face the contestants towards “shomen”, request the assistant judges’ decision, and after deciding the winner he shall follow the same procedure as above.

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Tameshiwarihead break.gif (60260 bytes)

  1. Tameshiwari requires more than three judges.

  2. The main judge shall call out the contestants who shall bow to the front

  3. Although he may not touch the boards, the contestant may place a towel or cloth on top of them.

  4. The main judge gives the signal for the breaking. If the contestant does not manage to break the boards at on time it shall count as failure.

  5. As a rule, the tameshiwari must be performed only once without a repeat. However, the Head Judge and the assistant judges may agree to grant permission for a repeat.

  6. The judge orders the successful contestant to sit down, then he announces the number of contestant, the number of boards successfully broken, or failure if such is the case.

  7. The contestants who fail shall try one more time to break the boards.

  8. At the conclusion of the judge’s announcement, the contestants must stand, bow and leave the ring.

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