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� Pages dedicated to Andy Hug
Andy Hug, 1964-2000 by Oliver Sperling
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Free-style fight (Kumite)


A. Basic principlesbouts have time limits

  1. One bout shall  last two minutes (both 1st and 2nd round). From the quarter-finals last three minutes, and one extension two minutes.
  2. Victory is awarded to the contestant:
    - who has scored one full point.
    - who has scored two half points, which make one full point.
    - who won by decision.
    - whose opponent was disqualified or failed to take part in the bout without good reason.

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B. Full-Point (Ippon) Victoryone full point for legal moves!

  1. Excluding the techniques listed as fouls, a thrust (tsuki), kick (keri), elbow strike (hiji-uchi), etc. which vigorously downs the opponent for more than three seconds or results in the opponent’s loss of his will to fight scores one full-point.


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C. Half-Point (Waza-ari) awardingtwo half-points make one full point

  1. Excluding the techniques listed as fouls, a thrust (tsuki), kick (keri), elbow strike (hiji-uchi), etc. which downs the opponent or results in the opponent’s loss of his will to fight for less than three seconds after which he stands up and resumes the fight scores one half-point. Similarly, when one opponent loses his balance but does not fall down as a result of the other contestant’s thrust (tsuki), kick (keri), elbow strike (hiji uchi), etc. one half-point is declared.
  2. When an opponent is downed with any technique, including foot sweeps (ashi-kake), and a well focused, but non-contact, downward punch (gedan tsuki) follows immediately as part of a combination one half-point might be awarded on the basis of the timing and other criteria.
  3. Two declarations of half-point constitute a full-point victory.

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D. Victory by Decision (Hantei)

  1. When no clean one-point victory has been made, the victory is awarded by decision.
  2. The decision is valid when it is based on the judgement of at least three referees out of the one main referee and four assistant referees team.

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E. Extensions (Enchosen)extensions also have time limits

  1. When a decision cannot be reached on the basis of the judgment of the one main referee and four assistant referees team, a draw is declared and extensions are granted.
  2. One bout will have up to two extensions in the 1st and 2nd rounds. After the second extension, a decision must be made.
    the number of boards broken may be used as judging criteria
  3. From the quarter-finals, if a decision cannot be reached after two extensions, the number of boards broken at breaking test (tameshiwari) becomes a criterion in awarding victory.
  4. If the number of broken boards are equal, there will be a final extension.
  5. Articles 10, 11, and 12 constitute the basic principles but the tournament Supreme Judge, the Head Judge and the Review Panel may make modifications when they consider them necessary.

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F. Fouls (Hansoku)fouls result in one warning

  1. The following actions are considered fouls:
    a) Touching the opponent’s face and neck even slightly with a hand or elbow attack. However, making feints to the face is allowed.
    b) Groin kicks (Kin-teki)
    c) Head thrusts (zu-tsuki)
    d) Attacking an opponent who is already down
    e) Grabbing the opponent’s neck
    g) Grabbing and holding the opponent's uniform (dogi), arms and legs
    h) Pushing with open hands
    i) Such repeated actions as falling down and stepping out right after kicking or punching one’s opponent
    j) Stepping outside the area frequently
    k) Any other actions that the referees may regard as foul
  2. Excluding deliberate actions, fouls result in one warning

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G. Penalties (Genten)

  1. The following situation result in one penalty:
    a) Two warnings
    b) Deliberate foul
    c) Other actions that main referee may consider as a bad attitude towards the contest
  2. Two penalties constitute disqualification

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H. Disqualification (Shikkaku)

  1. The following situations result in disqualification:

    a) Two penalties
    b) Failing to obey the referee’s instructions during a bout.
    c) Actions considered as sheer violence, deliberate serious fouls and deliberate bad attitude towards the contest.
    d) Facing each other for more than one minute without engaging in fight. This shall be regarded as lacking the will to fight and both contestants shall be disqualified.
    e) Being late for bout or failing to appear.

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I. Failing to take part in the bout (Shai Hoki)

  1. Anyone who fails to take part in the bout as scheduled without good reason shall be fined no more than 150,000 Japanese Yen. The following circumstances are exceptions:disabled

    a) Lack of the ability to continue the tournament decided by the tournament main physician after a medical examination.
    b) Unforeseen misfortune to anyone closely related to the contestants (such as family members, etc.) which happens immediately before or during the bout. Permission to leave the contest area will be given after consultation with Head Judge, Chairman of the Review panel and the tournament lawyer.

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